What is Viscose Material? Advantage and disadvantage of viscose.


Viscose is a unique form of wood cellulose acetate used in the nnmanufacture of a number of different products. This includes items for nnthe medical industry, though it is perhaps most common as a major nningredient in the production of the fabric rayon. The process of nncreating this material is fairly complex, beginning with wood pulp that nnis treated with various chemical baths and procedures. Along with rayon,nn other products that contain viscose include cellophane and some types nnof adhesive tape.

How It Is Made

Making viscose begins with wood pulp, and manufacturers often use nndifferent sources such as bamboo. The wood cellulose is treated with nncaustic soda, then allowed to age, before being treated again with nncaustic soda and carbon disulphide. Manufacturers spin the resulting nnproduct through various mechanisms and wash it through water baths and nnsimilar methods. It is then extracted out of one or more slits to nnproduce threads or other forms necessary in different applications. nnSince it begins with wood, it is not a synthetic material.

Use In Textiles

Rayon is one of the most common and popular uses of viscose, which isnn used for many types of clothing and other textile products. Such nnrayon has a silky appearance and feel, yet breathes in a manner similar nnto cotton weaves. In addition to being an inexpensive material to use nnin lightweight clothing, manufacturers use rayon for textiles such as nntablecloths, furniture slipcovers, and bed sheets. Rayon also tends to nndrape very well, which makes it ideal for use in simple curtains as wellnn as an ideal fabric to line more formal draperies.

Other Common Uses

Some companies use viscose to make cellophane. The initial nnmanufacturing process for cellophane is similar to rayon, but different nnend procedures are used to make a stable, mostly clear, lightweight nnproduct. Common uses of such cellophane include kitchen wrap and clear nnsheets used to wrap plants, gift baskets, and other projects. Other nncompanies also use it to make certain types of semi-clear adhesive tape.

Medical Applications

Certain forms of viscose, sometimes referred to as cellulose xanthe,nn are ideal for the creation of dialysis membranes. Medical equipment nnmanufacturers also make other medical tools using this material. One nnmajor benefit of such products is that they are soft and supple to the nntouch, making them ideal for sensitive medical items.


The development of viscose has made it possible for many people to nnenjoy a wide array of quality textiles in their homes, without paying a nnlot of money for a luxurious look and feel. These garments often nnrequire less cleaning than some other types of cloth. Anyone cleaning nnthis material should follow the manufacturer's instructions on the nngarment or product label. They can also be quite durable, though this nndepends a great deal on the manufacturer and how the garment or textile nnis made.


While viscose breathes like cotton and has a feel that is pleasing tonn the touch, there are some drawbacks. One disadvantage to textile nnproducts made with rayon is that the items can often wrinkle easily, andnn many garments made from this material cannot be machine-washed or nndried. The process used to make this material can also create a great nndeal of pollution. While some manufacturers have made considerable nnefforts to ensure clean production, there may still be companies that nncreate pollution and toxic chemical waste during production.

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